Period – E4

E4 Period

Scope note:

This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations occurring in time and space.

It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an instance of E4 Period and not the associated spatiotemporal extent. This extent is only the “ground” or space in an abstract physical sense that the actual process of growth, spread and retreat has covered. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area and time as a sedentary culture. This also means that overlapping land use rights, common among first nations, amounts to overlapping periods.

Often, this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the “Neolithic Period”, the “Ming Dynasty” or the “McCarthy Era”, but also geopolitical units and activities of settlements are regarded as special cases of E4 Period. However, there are no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore, E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical birth, an instance of E67 Birth, can be seen as both a single event, i.e., an instance of E5 Event, and as an extended period, i.e., an instance of E4 Period, that consists of multiple physical processes and complementary activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor.

As the actual extent of an instance of E4 Period in spacetime we regard the trajectories of the participating physical things during their participation in an instance of E4 Period. This includes the open spaces via which these things have interacted and the spaces by which they had the potential to interact during that period or event in the way defined by the type of the respective period or event. Examples include the air in a meeting room transferring the voices of the participants. Since these phenomena are fuzzy, we assume the spatiotemporal extent to be contiguous, except for cases of phenomena spreading out over islands or other separated areas, including geopolitical units distributed over disconnected areas such as islands or colonies.

Whether the trajectories necessary for participants to travel between these areas are regarded as part of the spatiotemporal extent or not has to be decided in each case based on a concrete analysis, taking use of the sea for other purposes than travel, such as fishing, into consideration. One may also argue that the activities to govern disconnected areas imply travelling through spaces connecting them and that these areas hence are spatially connected in a way, but it appears counterintuitive to consider for instance travel routes in international waters as extensions of geopolitical units.

Consequently, an instance of E4 Period may occupy a number of disjoint spacetime volumes, however there must not be a discontinuity in the timespan covered by these spacetime volumes. This means that an instance of E4 Period must be contiguous in time. If it has ended in all areas, it has ended as a whole. However, it may end in one area before another, such as in the Polynesian migration, and it continues as long as it is ongoing in at least one area.

We model E4 Period as a subclass of E2 Temporal Entity and of E92 Spacetime Volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CIDOC CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel, 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance, we can discuss the physical extent of an instance of E4 Period without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E4 Period is a phenomenon while an instance of E92 Spacetime Volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E4 Period is regarded to be unique to it due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E4 Period. Therefore, this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language.

Typical use of this class in cultural heritage documentation is for documenting cultural and artistic periods. There are two different conceptualisations of ‘artistic style’, defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, “Impressionism” can be viewed as a period in the European sphere of influence lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an instance of E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type.

A geopolitical unit as a specific case of an instance of E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena related to the claim of power, the consequences of belonging to a jurisdictional area and an administrative system that establishes a geopolitical unit. Examples from the modern period are countries or administrative areas of countries such as districts whose actions and structures define activities and phenomena in the area that they intend to govern. The borders of geopolitical units are often defined in contracts or treaties although they may deviate from the actual practice. The spatiotemporal properties of Geopolitical units can be modelled through the properties inherited from E92 Spacetime Volume.

Another specific case of an instance of E4 Period is the actual extent of the set of activities and phenomena as evidenced by their physical traces that define a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh.

Examples:

Jurassic (Hallam, 1975)

Populated Period of Nineveh

Imperial Rome under Marcus Aurelius

European Bronze Age (Harrison, 2004)

Italian Renaissance (Macdonald, 1992)

Thirty Years War (Lee, 1991)

Sturm und Drang (Berkoff, 2013)

Cubism (Cox, 2000)

In First Order Logic:

  • E4(x) ⇒ E2(x)
  • E4(x) ⇒ E92(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations occurring in time and space.It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an instance of E4 Period and not the associated spatiotemporal extent. This extent is only the “ground” or space in an abstract physical sense that the actual process of growth, spread and retreat has covered. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area and time as a sedentary culture. This also means that overlapping land use rights, common among first nations, amounts to overlapping periods.Often, this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the “Neolithic Period”, the “Ming Dynasty” or the “McCarthy Era”, but also geopolitical units and activities of settlements are regarded as special cases of E4 Period. However, there are no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore, E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical birth, an instance of E67 Birth, can be seen as both a single event, i.e., an instance of E5 Event, and as an extended period, i.e., an instance of E4 Period, that consists of multiple physical processes and complementary activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor.As the actual extent of an instance of E4 Period in spacetime we regard the trajectories of the participating physical things during their participation in an instance of E4 Period. This includes the open spaces via which these things have interacted and the spaces by which they had the potential to interact during that period or event in the way defined by the type of the respective period or event. Examples include the air in a meeting room transferring the voices of the participants. Since these phenomena are fuzzy, we assume the spatiotemporal extent to be contiguous, except for cases of phenomena spreading out over islands or other separated areas, including geopolitical units distributed over disconnected areas such as islands or colonies.Whether the trajectories necessary for participants to travel between these areas are regarded as part of the spatiotemporal extent or not has to be decided in each case based on a concrete analysis, taking use of the sea for other purposes than travel, such as fishing, into consideration. One may also argue that the activities to govern disconnected areas imply travelling through spaces connecting them and that these areas hence are spatially connected in a way, but it appears counterintuitive to consider for instance travel routes in international waters as extensions of geopolitical units.Consequently, an instance of E4 Period may occupy a number of disjoint spacetime volumes, however there must not be a discontinuity in the timespan covered by these spacetime volumes. This means that an instance of E4 Period must be contiguous in time. If it has ended in all areas, it has ended as a whole. However, it may end in one area before another, such as in the Polynesian migration, and it continues as long as it is ongoing in at least one area.We model E4 Period as a subclass of E2 Temporal Entity and of E92 Spacetime Volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CIDOC CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel, 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance, we can discuss the physical extent of an instance of E4 Period without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E4 Period is a phenomenon while an instance of E92 Spacetime Volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E4 Period is regarded to be unique to it due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E4 Period. Therefore, this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language.Typical use of this class in cultural heritage documentation is for documenting cultural and artistic periods. There are two different conceptualisations of ‘artistic style’, defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, “Impressionism” can be viewed as a period in the European sphere of influence lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an instance of E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type.A geopolitical unit as a specific case of an instance of E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena related to the claim of power, the consequences of belonging to a jurisdictional area and an administrative system that establishes a geopolitical unit. Examples from the modern period are countries or administrative areas of countries such as districts whose actions and structures define activities and phenomena in the area that they intend to govern. The borders of geopolitical units are often defined in contracts or treaties although they may deviate from the actual practice. The spatiotemporal properties of Geopolitical units can be modelled through the properties inherited from E92 Spacetime Volume.Another specific case of an instance of E4 Period is the actual extent of the set of activities and phenomena as evidenced by their physical traces that define a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh. en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
Jurassic (Hallam, 1975) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Populated Period of Nineveh en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Imperial Rome under Marcus Aurelius en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
European Bronze Age (Harrison, 2004) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Italian Renaissance (Macdonald, 1992) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Thirty Years War (Lee, 1991) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Sturm und Drang (Berkoff, 2013) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Cubism (Cox, 2000) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E4

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E4
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c4

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Phase de 2022-10-07 0
Περίοδος el 2022-10-07 0
Period * en 2022-06-13 0
Période fr 2022-10-07 0
Período pt 2022-10-07 0
Период ru 2022-10-07 0
时期 zh 2022-10-07 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E2
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E92
C5 Region 2 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E92

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E5 Event 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E6 Destruction 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E64
E7 Activity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5
E8 Acquisition 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E9 Move 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E10 Transfer of Custody 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E11 Modification 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E12 Production 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E63
E12 Production 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E11
E13 Attribute Assignment 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E14 Condition Assessment 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E13
E14 Condition Assessment 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E15 Identifier Assignment 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E13
E15 Identifier Assignment 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E16 Measurement 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E13
E16 Measurement 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E17 Type Assignment 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E13
E17 Type Assignment 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E63 Beginning of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5
E64 End of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5
E65 Creation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E63
E65 Creation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E66 Formation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E63
E66 Formation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E67 Birth 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E63
E68 Dissolution 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E64
E69 Death 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E64
E79 Part Addition 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E11
E80 Part Removal 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E11
E81 Transformation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E63
E81 Transformation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E64
E83 Type Creation 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E63 - E65
E83 Type Creation 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E65
E85 Joining 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E86 Leaving 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
E87 Curation Activity 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7
F8 Event 1 FRBRoo version 2.4
F27 Work Conception 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65
F27 Work Conception 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65
F28 Expression Creation 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12 - F28
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65 - F28
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - F28
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65 - F28
F29 Recording Event 6 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65 - F28
F30 Publication Event 6 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12 - F28
F31 Performance 3 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7
F32 Carrier Production Event 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12
F32 Carrier Production Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12
F33 Reproduction Event 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12
F33 Reproduction Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12
F40 Identifier Assignment 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13 - E15
F40 Identifier Assignment 6 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13 - E15
F41 Representative Manifestation Assignment 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13
F41 Representative Manifestation Assignment 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
F42 Representative Expression Assignment 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13
F42 Representative Expression Assignment 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
F51 Pursuit 3 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7
F52 Name Use Activity 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13
F52 Name Use Activity 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
C19 Physical Thing Life 2 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E13 - E16 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 7 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13 - E16 - D11
D3 Formal Derivation 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7 - D10
D3 Formal Derivation 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7 - D10
D3 Formal Derivation 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7 - D10
D7 Digital Machine Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65
D7 Digital Machine Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11
D7 Digital Machine Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65
D10 Software Execution 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7
D10 Software Execution 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7
D10 Software Execution 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E13 - E16
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13 - E16
D12 Data Transfer Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7
D12 Data Transfer Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7
D12 Data Transfer Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7
D30 Annotation Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65
D30 Annotation Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65
C15 Participation 2 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5
C9 Union 3 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5 - C18
C8 Occupation (Temporal entity) 2 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5
C1 Expression Publication Event 3 SDHSS Intellectual and Literary Life ongoing E5 - E7
C16 Legal Conceptual Object Creation 4 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5 - E63 - E65
C16 Legal Conceptual Object Creation 4 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5 - E7 - E65
C18 Persons' Interaction 2 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5
C23 Use 3 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5 - E7
E96 Purchase 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E5 - E7 - E8
C45 Physical Displacement 2 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5
C46 Intentional Expression 3 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5 - E7

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period crm:P7 took place at (witnessed) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period crm:P8 took place on or within (witnessed) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P4 has time-span (is time-span of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P10 falls within (contains) E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E4 Period (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P161 has spatial projection (is spatial projection of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E18 Physical Thing crm:P196 defines (is defined by) E4 Period (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P10 falls within (contains) E4 Period (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E4 Period (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E4 Period (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P166 was a presence of (had presence) E4 Period (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E95 Spacetime Primitive crm:P169 defines spacetime volume (spacetime volume is defined by) E4 Period (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
HisArc-RDF 1 Ongoing 2021-09-29
Silknow generic 1 Ongoing 2021-06-15
Silknow working profile 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10

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