Appellation – E41

E41 Appellation

Scope note:

This class comprises signs, either meaningful or not, or arrangements of signs following a specific syntax, that are used or can be used to refer to and identify a specific instance of some class or category within a certain context.

Instances of E41 Appellation do not identify things by their meaning, even if they happen to have one, but instead by convention, tradition, or agreement. Instances of E41 Appellation are cultural constructs; as such, they have a context, a history, and a use in time and space by some group of users. A given instance of E41 Appellation can have alternative forms, i.e., other instances of E41 Appellation that are always regarded as equivalent independent from the thing it denotes.

Different languages may use different appellations for the same thing, such as the names of major cities. Some appellations may be formulated using a valid noun phrase of a particular language. In these cases, the respective instances of E41 Appellation should also be declared as instances of E33 Linguistic Object. Then the language using the appellation can be declared with the property P72 has language: E56 Language.

Instances of E41 Appellation may be used to identify any instance of E1 CRM Entity and sometimes are characteristic for instances of more specific subclasses E1 CRM Entity, such as for instances of E52 Time-Span (for instance “dates”), E39 Actor, E53 Place or E28 Conceptual Object. Postal addresses and E-mail addresses are characteristic examples of identifiers used by services transporting things between clients.

Even numerically expressed identifiers for extents in space or time are also regarded as instances of E41 Appellation, such as Gregorian dates or spatial coordinates, even though they allow for determining some time or location by a known procedure starting from a reference point and by virtue of that fact play a double role as instances of E59 Primitive Value.

E41 Appellation should not be confused with the act of naming something. Cf. E15 Identifier Assignment

Examples:

“+41 22 418 5571” [example of contact point]

"weasel@paveprime.com" [example of contact point]

“CH-1211, Genève” [example of place appellation]

“1-29-3 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 121, Japan” [example of a postal address]

“the poop deck of H.M.S Victory” [example of a section definition on a human-made object (E22)]

“the Venus de Milo’s left buttock” [example of a section definition on a human-made object (E22)]

"Martin"

“Aquae Sulis Minerva”

"the Merchant of Venice" (E35) (McCullough, 2005)

"Spigelia marilandica (L.) L." [not the species, just the name] (Hershberger, Robacker and Jenkins, 2015)

"information science" [not the science itself, but the name through which we refer to it in an English-speaking context]

“安” [Chinese “an”, meaning “peace”]

“6°5’29”N 45°12’13”W” [example of a spatial coordinate]

“Black queen’s bishop 4” [chess coordinate, example of an identifier in a conceptual space (E89)]

“19-MAR-1922” [example of date]

In First Order Logic:

  • E41(x) ⇒ E90(x)

Outgoing properties:

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises signs, either meaningful or not, or arrangements of signs following a specific syntax, that are used or can be used to refer to and identify a specific instance of some class or category within a certain context.Instances of E41 Appellation do not identify things by their meaning, even if they happen to have one, but instead by convention, tradition, or agreement. Instances of E41 Appellation are cultural constructs; as such, they have a context, a history, and a use in time and space by some group of users. A given instance of E41 Appellation can have alternative forms, i.e., other instances of E41 Appellation that are always regarded as equivalent independent from the thing it denotes.Different languages may use different appellations for the same thing, such as the names of major cities. Some appellations may be formulated using a valid noun phrase of a particular language. In these cases, the respective instances of E41 Appellation should also be declared as instances of E33 Linguistic Object. Then the language using the appellation can be declared with the property P72 has language: E56 Language.Instances of E41 Appellation may be used to identify any instance of E1 CRM Entity and sometimes are characteristic for instances of more specific subclasses E1 CRM Entity, such as for instances of E52 Time-Span (for instance “dates”), E39 Actor, E53 Place or E28 Conceptual Object. Postal addresses and E-mail addresses are characteristic examples of identifiers used by services transporting things between clients.Even numerically expressed identifiers for extents in space or time are also regarded as instances of E41 Appellation, such as Gregorian dates or spatial coordinates, even though they allow for determining some time or location by a known procedure starting from a reference point and by virtue of that fact play a double role as instances of E59 Primitive Value.E41 Appellation should not be confused with the act of naming something. Cf. E15 Identifier Assignment en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
Cette classe comprend les signes, qu'ils soient porteurs ou non de sens, ou les arrangements de signes qui suivent une syntaxe particulière et qui sont ou peuvent être utilisés pour désigner et identifier une instance spécifique d'une classe ou d'une catégorie dans un contexte donné.Les instances de E41_Appellation n'identifient pas les choses par leur sens, même si elles en ont un, mais plutôt par convention, tradition ou accord. Les instances de E41_Appellation sont des constructions culturelles. Comme telles, elles possèdent un contexte, une histoire et un usage dans le temps et dans l'espace par un groupe d'utilisateurs. Une instance donnée de E41_Appellation peut avoir des formes alternatives, c.-à-d. d'autres instances de E41_Appellation qui sont toujours considérées comme équivalentes indépendamment de la chose qu'elle dénote.Différentes langues peuvent employer différentes appellations pour référer à la même chose. [n.d.t. C'est le cas pour] le nom des grandes villes. Certaines appellations peuvent être formulées à l'aide d'un syntagme nominal valide dans une langue particulière. Dans ces cas, les instances de E41_Appellation doivent également être déclarées comme des instances de E33_Objet_linguistique. Ensuite, la langue utilisant l'appellation peut être déclarée avec la propriété P72_a_pour_langue (est_la_langue_de) : E56_Langue. Les instances de E41_Appellation peuvent être utilisées pour identifier toute instance de E1_Entité_CRM. Elles sont parfois caractéristiques des instances de certaines sous-classes plus spécifiques de E1_Entité_CRM. C'est le cas des instances de E52_Intervalle_temporel (par exemple « dates »), E39_Actant, E53_Lieu ou E28_Objet_conceptuel. Les adresses postales et les adresses courriel sont des exemples caractéristiques d'identifiants utilisés par des services acheminant des choses entre des clients.Même les identifiants exprimés numériquement pour désigner des étendues spatiales ou temporelles, telles que les dates du calendrier grégorien ou les coordonnées spatiales, sont considérés comme des instances de E41_Appellation, et ce, même s'ils permettent de déterminer un temps ou un lieu par une procédure connue à partir d'un point de référence, jouant ainsi un double rôle comme instance de E41_Appellation et E59_Valeur_primitive. Les instances de E41_Appellation ne doivent pas être confondues avec l'acte de nommer quelque chose. Se reporter à E15_Assignation_d'identifiant. fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
“+41 22 418 5571” [example of contact point] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
"weasel@paveprime.com" [example of contact point] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“CH-1211, Genève” [example of place appellation] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“1-29-3 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 121, Japan” [example of a postal address] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“the poop deck of H.M.S Victory” [example of a section definition on a human-made object (E22)] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“the Venus de Milo’s left buttock” [example of a section definition on a human-made object (E22)] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
"Martin" en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“Aquae Sulis Minerva” en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
"the Merchant of Venice" (E35) (McCullough, 2005) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
"Spigelia marilandica (L.) L." [not the species, just the name] (Hershberger, Robacker and Jenkins, 2015) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
"information science" [not the science itself, but the name through which we refer to it in an English-speaking context] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“安” [Chinese “an”, meaning “peace”] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“6°5’29”N 45°12’13”W” [example of a spatial coordinate] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“Black queen’s bishop 4” [chess coordinate, example of an identifier in a conceptual space (E89)] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
“19-MAR-1922” [example of date] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« 19-MAR-1922 » [exemple de date] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« CH-1211, Genève » [exemple d'appellation de lieu] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« 1-29-3 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 121, Japan » [exemple d'adresse postale] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« la dunette du HMS Victory » [exemple de définition d'une section sur un objet élaboré par l'humain (E22_Objet_élaboré_par_l'humain)] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« la fesse gauche de la Vénus de Milo » [exemple de définition d'une section sur un objet élaboré par l'humain (E22_Objet_élaboré_par_l'humain)] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« 6°5'29”N 45°12'13”O » [exemple d'une coordonnée géographique] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« Le fou de la reine noire en g4 » [une coordonnée aux échecs, un exemple de coordonnée spatiale dans un espace conceptuel (E89_Objet_propositionnel)] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« +41 22 418 5571 » [exemple de point de contact] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« weasel@paveprime.com » [exemple de point de contact] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« Martin » fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« Aquæ Sulis Minerva » fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« Le Marchand de Venise » (E35_Titre) (McCullough, 2005) fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« Spigelia marilandica (L.) L. » [pas l'espèce, juste son nom] (Hershberger, Robacker & Jenkins, 2015) fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« Science de l'information » [pas la science elle-même, mais le nom par lequel on s'y réfère dans un contexte francophone] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0
« 安 » [[n.d.t. Sinogramme et kanji] chinois. [n.d.t. En transcription hanyu pinyin], « An » veut dire « paix »]1 fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E41

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E41_Appellation
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c40

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Benennung de 2024-03-14 0
Ονομασία el 2024-03-14 0
Appellation * en 2022-06-13 0
Appellation * fr 2024-03-21 0
Designação pt 2024-03-14 0
Обозначение ru 2024-03-14 0
称谓 zh 2024-03-14 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E90 Symbolic Object CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E72 - E70 - E77
E1 CRM Entity 6 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E28 - E71 - E70 - E77
E28 Conceptual Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90
E70 Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E72
E70 Thing 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E28 - E71
E71 Human-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E28
E71 Man-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E28
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90
E77 Persistent Item 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E72 - E70
E77 Persistent Item 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E90 - E28 - E71 - E70
Thing 6 OntoME internal model - active version E90 - E72 - E70 - E77 - E1
Thing 7 OntoME internal model - active version E90 - E28 - E71 - E70 - E77 - E1

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E35 Title 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E42 Identifier 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E61 Time Primitive 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E94 Space Primitive 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E95 Spacetime Primitive 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E41 Appellation crm:P139 has alternative form E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E41 Appellation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E70 Thing ) crm:P43 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E70 Thing ) crm:P101 had as general use (was use of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E70 Thing ) crm:P130 shows features of (features are also found on) E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E71 Human-Made Thing ) crm:P102 has title (is title of) E35 Title CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E71 Human-Made Thing ) crm:P103 was intended for (was intention of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E72 Legal Object ) crm:P104 is subject to (applies to) E30 Right CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E72 Legal Object ) crm:P105 right held by (has right on) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E90 Symbolic Object ) crm:P106 is composed of (forms part of) E90 Symbolic Object CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation (is a E90 Symbolic Object ) crm:P190 has symbolic content E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E1 CRM Entity crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E39 Actor crm:P76 has contact point (provides access to) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E41 Appellation crm:P139 has alternative form E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E5 Event crm:P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E41 Appellation (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P16 used specific object (was used for) E41 Appellation (is a E70) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P19 was intended use of (was made for) E41 Appellation (is a E71) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E15 Identifier Assignment crm:P142 used constituent (was used in) E41 Appellation (is a E90) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E18 Physical Thing crm:P128 carries (is carried by) E41 Appellation (is a E90) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E63 Beginning of Existence crm:P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by) E41 Appellation (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E64 End of Existence crm:P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by) E41 Appellation (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E65 Creation crm:P94 has created (was created by) E41 Appellation (is a E28) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E70 Thing crm:P130 shows features of (features are also found on) E41 Appellation (is a E70) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E73 Information Object crm:P165 incorporates (is incorporated in) E41 Appellation (is a E90) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E41 Appellation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E90 Symbolic Object crm:P106 is composed of (forms part of) E41 Appellation (is a E90) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
RiskMap ongoing 1 Ongoing 2024-05-22
HisArc-RDF 2 Published 2024-03-13
Geovistory Basics 1 Ongoing 2023-10-25
Silknow working profile 1 Ongoing 2023-10-25
HisArc-RDF 1 Published 2024-03-13

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