Period – E4

E4 Period

Scope note:

This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations bounded in time and space.

It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an E4 Period and not the associated spatio-temporal bounds. These bounds are a mere approximation of the actual process of growth, spread and retreat. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area as a sedentary culture.

Typically this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the “Neolithic Period”, the “Ming Dynasty” or the “McCarthy Era”. There are however no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical E67 Birth can be seen as both an atomic E5 Event and as an E4 Period that consists of multiple activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor.

There are two different conceptualisations of ‘artistic style’, defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, “Impressionism” can be viewed as a period lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type.

Another specific case of an E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena associated with a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh.

Examples:

Jurassic

European Bronze Age

Italian Renaissance

Thirty Years War

Sturm und Drang

Cubism

In First Order Logic:

  • E4(x) ⇒ E2(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations bounded in time and space. It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an E4 Period and not the associated spatio-temporal bounds. These bounds are a mere approximation of the actual process of growth, spread and retreat. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area as a sedentary culture. Typically this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the “Neolithic Period”, the “Ming Dynasty” or the “McCarthy Era”. There are however no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical E67 Birth can be seen as both an atomic E5 Event and as an E4 Period that consists of multiple activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor. There are two different conceptualisations of ‘artistic style’, defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, “Impressionism” can be viewed as a period lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type.Another specific case of an E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena associated with a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh. en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
Jurassic en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
European Bronze Age en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Italian Renaissance en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Thirty Years War en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Sturm und Drang en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Cubism en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E4

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E4
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c4

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Phase de 2022-10-07 0
Περίοδος el 2022-10-07 0
Period en 2022-06-13 0
Période fr 2022-10-07 0
Período pt 2022-10-07 0
Период ru 2022-10-07 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E2

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E5 Event 1 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E6 Destruction 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E64
E7 Activity 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5
E8 Acquisition 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E9 Move 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E10 Transfer of Custody 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E11 Modification 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E12 Production 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E63
E12 Production 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E11
E13 Attribute Assignment 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E14 Condition Assessment 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E13
E14 Condition Assessment 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E15 Identifier Assignment 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E13
E15 Identifier Assignment 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E16 Measurement 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E13
E16 Measurement 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E17 Type Assignment 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E13
E17 Type Assignment 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
E63 Beginning of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5
E64 End of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5
E65 Creation 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E63
E65 Creation 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E66 Formation 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E63
E66 Formation 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E67 Birth 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E63
E68 Dissolution 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E64
E69 Death 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E64
E79 Part Addition 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E11
E80 Part Removal 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E11
E81 Transformation 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E63
E81 Transformation 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E64
E83 Type Creation 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E63 - E65
E83 Type Creation 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7 - E65
E85 Joining 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E86 Leaving 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
E87 Curation Activity 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E5 - E7
F8 Event 1 FRBRoo version 2.4
F27 Work Conception 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65
F27 Work Conception 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46
F28 Expression Creation 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65
F28 Expression Creation 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12 - F28
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65 - F28
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - F28
F29 Recording Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65 - F28
F29 Recording Event 6 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E65 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - F28
F30 Publication Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E65 - F28
F30 Publication Event 6 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12 - F28
F31 Performance 3 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7
F32 Carrier Production Event 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12
F32 Carrier Production Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12
F33 Reproduction Event 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E63 - E12
F33 Reproduction Event 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E11 - E12
F40 Identifier Assignment 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13 - E15
F40 Identifier Assignment 6 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13 - E15
F41 Representative Manifestation Assignment 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13
F41 Representative Manifestation Assignment 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
F42 Representative Expression Assignment 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13
F42 Representative Expression Assignment 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
F51 Pursuit 3 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7
F52 Name Use Activity 4 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - E13
F52 Name Use Activity 5 FRBRoo version 2.4 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13
C19 Physical Thing Life 2 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E13 - E16 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7 - D11
D2 Digitization Process 7 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13 - E16 - D11
D3 Formal Derivation 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7 - D10
D3 Formal Derivation 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7 - D10
D3 Formal Derivation 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7 - D10
D7 Digital Machine Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65
D7 Digital Machine Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11
D7 Digital Machine Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65
D10 Software Execution 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7
D10 Software Execution 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7
D10 Software Execution 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E13 - E16
D11 Digital Measurement Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7
D11 Digital Measurement Event 6 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - C46 - E13 - E16
D12 Data Transfer Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65 - D7
D12 Data Transfer Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E11 - D7
D12 Data Transfer Event 5 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65 - D7
D30 Annotation Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E63 - E65
D30 Annotation Event 4 CRMdig version 3.2 E5 - E7 - E65
C15 Participation 2 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5
C9 Union 3 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5 - C18
C8 Occupation (Temporal entity) 2 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5
C1 Expression Publication Event 3 SDHSS Intellectual and Literary Life ongoing E5 - E7
C16 Legal Conceptual Object Creation 4 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5 - E63 - E65
C16 Legal Conceptual Object Creation 4 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5 - E7 - E65
C18 Persons' Interaction 2 SDHSS Social, legal and economic life ongoing E5
C23 Use 3 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5 - E7
C45 Physical Displacement 2 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5
C46 Intentional Expression 3 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E5 - E7

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period crm:P10 falls within (contains) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P132 overlaps with E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P133 is separated from E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P7 took place at (witnessed) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P8 took place on or within (witnessed) E19 Physical Object CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P4 has time-span (is time-span of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P114 is equal in time to E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P115 finishes (is finished by) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P116 starts (is started by) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P117 occurs during (includes) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P118 overlaps in time with (is overlapped in time by) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P119 meets in time with (is met in time by) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period (is a E2 Temporal Entity) crm:P120 occurs before (occurs after) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E4 Period crm:P10 falls within (contains) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P132 overlaps with E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P133 is separated from E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E4 Period crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P114 is equal in time to E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P115 finishes (is finished by) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P116 starts (is started by) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P117 occurs during (includes) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P118 overlaps in time with (is overlapped in time by) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P119 meets in time with (is met in time by) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P120 occurs before (occurs after) E4 Period (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E16 Measurement crm:P39 measured (was measured by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E4 Period (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
HisArc-RDF 1 Ongoing 2021-09-29
Silknow generic 1 Ongoing 2021-06-15
Silknow working profile 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10

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