Time-Span – E52

E52 Time-Span

Scope note:

This class comprises abstract temporal extents, in the sense of Galilean physics, having a beginning, an end and a duration.

Instances of E52 Time-Span have no semantic connotations about phenomena happening within the temporal extent they represent. They do not convey any meaning other than a positioning on the “time-line” of chronology. The actual extent of an instance of E52 Time-Span can be approximated by properties of E52 Time-Span giving inner and outer bounds in the form of dates (instances of E61 Time Primitive). Comparing knowledge about time-spans is fundamental for chronological reasoning.

Some instances of E52 Time-Span may be defined as the actual, in principle observable, temporal extent of instances of E2 Temporal Entity via the property P4 has time-span (is time-span of): E52 Time-Span. They constitute phenomenal time-spans as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel 2013). Since our knowledge of history is imperfect and physical phenomena are fuzzy in nature, the extent of phenomenal time-spans can only be described in approximation. An extreme case of approximation, might, for example, define an instance of E52 Time-Span having unknown beginning, end and duration. It may, nevertheless, be associated with other descriptions by which we can infer knowledge about it, such as in relative chronologies.

Some instances of E52 may be defined precisely as representing a declaration of a temporal extent, as, for instance, done in a business contract. They constitute declarative time-spans as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel 2013) and can be described via the property E61 Time Primitive P170 defines time (time is defined by): E52 Time-Span.

When used as a common E52 Time-Span for two events, it will nevertheless describe them as being simultaneous, even if nothing else is known.

Examples:

1961

From 12-17-1993 to 12-8-1996

14h30 – 16h22 4th July 1945

9.30 am 1.1.1999 to 2.00 pm 1.1.1999

the time-span of the Ming Dynasty (Chan, 2011)

In First Order Logic:

  • E52(x) ⇒ C5(x)
  • E52(x) ⇒ E1(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises abstract temporal extents, in the sense of Galilean physics, having a beginning, an end and a duration. Instances of E52 Time-Span have no semantic connotations about phenomena happening within the temporal extent they represent. They do not convey any meaning other than a positioning on the “time-line” of chronology. The actual extent of an instance of E52 Time-Span can be approximated by properties of E52 Time-Span giving inner and outer bounds in the form of dates (instances of E61 Time Primitive). Comparing knowledge about time-spans is fundamental for chronological reasoning.Some instances of E52 Time-Span may be defined as the actual, in principle observable, temporal extent of instances of E2 Temporal Entity via the property P4 has time-span (is time-span of): E52 Time-Span. They constitute phenomenal time-spans as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel 2013). Since our knowledge of history is imperfect and physical phenomena are fuzzy in nature, the extent of phenomenal time-spans can only be described in approximation. An extreme case of approximation, might, for example, define an instance of E52 Time-Span having unknown beginning, end and duration. It may, nevertheless, be associated with other descriptions by which we can infer knowledge about it, such as in relative chronologies.Some instances of E52 may be defined precisely as representing a declaration of a temporal extent, as, for instance, done in a business contract. They constitute declarative time-spans as defined in CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel 2013) and can be described via the property E61 Time Primitive P170 defines time (time is defined by): E52 Time-Span. When used as a common E52 Time-Span for two events, it will nevertheless describe them as being simultaneous, even if nothing else is known. en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
1961 en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
From 12-17-1993 to 12-8-1996 en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
14h30 – 16h22 4th July 1945 en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
9.30 am 1.1.1999 to 2.00 pm 1.1.1999 en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
the time-span of the Ming Dynasty (Chan, 2011) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E52

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E52
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c50

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Zeitspanne de 2022-10-07 0
Χρονικό Διάστημα el 2022-10-07 0
Time-Span * en 2022-06-13 0
Durée fr 2022-10-07 0
Período de Tempo pt 2022-10-07 0
Интервал Времени ru 2022-10-07 0
时段 zh 2022-10-07 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
C5 Region SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing 0
E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E52 Time-Span crm:P191 had duration (was duration of) E54 Dimension CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span crm:P79 beginning is qualified by E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span crm:P80 end is qualified by E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span crm:P81 ongoing throughout E61 Time Primitive CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span crm:P82 at some time within E61 Time Primitive CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span crm:P86 falls within (contains) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E52 Time-Span (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P4 has time-span (is time-span of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E52 Time-Span crm:P86 falls within (contains) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P164 is temporally specified by (temporally specifies) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E61 Time Primitive crm:P170 defines time (time is defined by) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E52 Time-Span (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
Silknow working profile 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10
Silknow generic 1 Ongoing 2021-06-15
Geovistory Basics 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10
READ-IT 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10
Visual Contagions Version 2 1 Ongoing 2021-06-15

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