starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) – P175

P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of)

Quantification:

0,n:0,n

Scope note:

This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity starts before or simultaneously with the start of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity.

In other words, if A = [Astart, Aend] and B = [Bstart, Bend], we mean Astart ≤ Bstart is true.

This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185.

This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, starts, started-by, contains, finished-by, equals}

In a model with fuzzy borders, this property will not be transitive.

Figure 12: Temporal entity A starts before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B

Figure 13: Temporal entity A starts before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B

Examples:

The production of the scarab seal found in Poros in a context of LMIIIB (E12) starts after or with the start of Tutankhamun period (1332-1323 B.C) (E4). [The scarab stamp seal found in Poros was associated with finds dated to the LMIIIB period. The seal is dated to the Tutankhamun period or later because it belongs to the scarabs of type “nh.s n Jmn”: During Akhenaten period, the production of this type of scarab seal stopped (the name of Amun is not referred to during his reign). Therefore, the scarab cannot have been produced before the Tutankhamun period and is probably a later production] (Karetsou, 2000)

The production of the cylindrical seal of the first Dynasty of Babylon found in Tholos B in Platanos (E12) starts after or with the start of the Hammurabi period of the kingdom (E4). [Of the cylindrical seal of the first Dynasty of Babylon found in tholos B in Platanos believed to connect king Hammurabi with the MM I period. Specifically, although the finding is believed to have been found in a MM I layer, it contained material from the MM III/YM I period. Therefore, the seal may be from the Hammurabi period or, it may be from a later period.] (Walberg, 1992.)

In First Order Logic:

  • P175(x,y) ⊃ E2(x)
  • P175(x,y) ⊃ E2(y)
  • P175(x,y) ⊃ P174(x,y)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity starts before or simultaneously with the start of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [Astart, Aend] and B = [Bstart, Bend], we mean Astart ≤ Bstart is true.This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185.This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, starts, started-by, contains, finished-by, equals}In a model with fuzzy borders, this property will not be transitive.Figure 12: Temporal entity A starts before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than BFigure 13: Temporal entity A starts before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
The production of the scarab seal found in Poros in a context of LMIIIB (E12) starts after or with the start of Tutankhamun period (1332-1323 B.C) (E4). [The scarab stamp seal found in Poros was associated with finds dated to the LMIIIB period. The seal is dated to the Tutankhamun period or later because it belongs to the scarabs of type “nh.s n Jmn”: During Akhenaten period, the production of this type of scarab seal stopped (the name of Amun is not referred to during his reign). Therefore, the scarab cannot have been produced before the Tutankhamun period and is probably a later production] (Karetsou, 2000) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
The production of the cylindrical seal of the first Dynasty of Babylon found in Tholos B in Platanos (E12) starts after or with the start of the Hammurabi period of the kingdom (E4). [Of the cylindrical seal of the first Dynasty of Babylon found in tholos B in Platanos believed to connect king Hammurabi with the MM I period. Specifically, although the finding is believed to have been found in a MM I layer, it contained material from the MM III/YM I period. Therefore, the seal may be from the Hammurabi period or, it may be from a later period.] (Walberg, 1992.) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: P175

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/p1903

Domain and range

crm:E2 Temporal Entity → P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) → crm:E2 Temporal Entity  (Quantifiers 0,n:0,n)

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) * en 2022-06-13 0

: Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 2022-06-13

Parent properties

Domain Property Range Property namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
crm:E2 Temporal Entity (0,n) P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) (0,n) crm:E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Ancestor properties

Domain Property Range Depth Property namespace
crm:E2 Temporal Entity (0,n) P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) (0,n) crm:E2 Temporal Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Child and descendant properties

Domain Property Range Depth Property namespace
crm:E7 Activity (0,n) P134 continued (was continued by) (0,n) crm:E7 Activity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
crm:E2 Temporal Entity (0,n) P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) (0,n) crm:E2 Temporal Entity 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
crm:E2 Temporal Entity (0,n) P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) (0,n) crm:E2 Temporal Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
crm:E2 Temporal Entity (0,n) P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) (0,n) crm:E2 Temporal Entity 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Related properties

Relation Property Property namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments

Profiles using this property

Label Version Status Last updated

Comments