Transformation – E81

E81 Transformation

Scope note:

This class comprises the events that result in the simultaneous destruction of one or more than one E18 Physical Thing and the creation of one or more than one E18 Physical Thing that preserves recognizable substance and structure from the first one(s) but has fundamentally different nature or identity.

Although the old and the new instances of E18 Physical Thing are treated as discrete entities having separate, unique identities, they are causally connected through the E81 Transformation; the destruction of the old E18 Physical Thing(s) directly causes the creation of the new one(s) using or preserving some relevant substance and structure. Instances of E81 Transformation are therefore distinct from re-classifications (documented using E17 Type Assignment) or modifications (documented using E11 Modification) of objects that do not fundamentally change their nature or identity. Characteristic cases are reconstructions and repurposing of historical buildings or ruins, fires leaving buildings in ruins, taxidermy of specimen in natural history.

Even though such instances of E81 Transformation are often motivated by a change of intended use, substantial material changes should justify the documentation of the result as a new instance of E18 Physical Thing and not just the change of function. The latter may be documented as an extended activity (instance of E7 Activity) of using it.

Examples:

the mummification of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E81, E12) [the mummification of the body of the deceased is a human production process and simultaneously preserves structures of the body at and before death] (Carter and Mace 1977)

the death, carbonization and petrification of some people of Pompeii in 79AD by the intense heat of a pyroclastic cloud and ashes from the Eruption of Mount Vesuvius (E69, E81)

the transformation of the Hephaisteion temple in Athens, better known as "Theseion", into a Christian church, dedicated to Saint George around AD 700 (E81,E12) [which actually helped preserving part of the antique temple structure from 449BC]

In First Order Logic:

  • E81(x) ⇒ E63(x)
  • E81(x) ⇒ E64(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises the events that result in the simultaneous destruction of one or more than one E18 Physical Thing and the creation of one or more than one E18 Physical Thing that preserves recognizable substance and structure from the first one(s) but has fundamentally different nature or identity.Although the old and the new instances of E18 Physical Thing are treated as discrete entities having separate, unique identities, they are causally connected through the E81 Transformation; the destruction of the old E18 Physical Thing(s) directly causes the creation of the new one(s) using or preserving some relevant substance and structure. Instances of E81 Transformation are therefore distinct from re-classifications (documented using E17 Type Assignment) or modifications (documented using E11 Modification) of objects that do not fundamentally change their nature or identity. Characteristic cases are reconstructions and repurposing of historical buildings or ruins, fires leaving buildings in ruins, taxidermy of specimen in natural history.Even though such instances of E81 Transformation are often motivated by a change of intended use, substantial material changes should justify the documentation of the result as a new instance of E18 Physical Thing and not just the change of function. The latter may be documented as an extended activity (instance of E7 Activity) of using it. en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
Cette classe comprend les évènements qui ont pour effet de mener simultanément à la destruction d'une ou de plusieurs instances de E18_Chose_matérielle et à la création d'une ou de plusieurs instances de E18_Chose_matérielle. Ces dernières conservent des premières une substance et une structure reconnaissables, mais leur nature ou leur identité est fondamentalement différente.Bien que les anciennes et les nouvelles instances de E18_Chose_matérielle soient traitées comme des entités distinctes ayant chacune son identité propre et unique, elles sont causalement connectées par une instance de E81_Transformation. La destruction de la ou des instance(s) initiale(s) de E18_Chose_matérielle provoque la création de la ou des nouvelle(s) instance(s) qui utilise(nt) ou conserve(nt) les éléments substantiels ou structurels pertinents.Les instances de E81_Transformation sont donc distinctes [n.d.t. des instances de E17_Assignation_de_type (lesquelles induisent une reclassification) ainsi que des instances de E11_Modification (lesquelles induisent évidemment une modification) puisque ces activités] ne changent pas fondamentalement leur nature ou leur identité. La reconstruction et la conversion de bâtiments historiques ou de ruines, les incendies laissant des bâtiments en ruines et la taxidermie de spécimens d'histoire naturelle [n.d.t. sont quelques exemples représentatifs de E81_Transformation].Même si les instances de E81_Transformation sont souvent motivées par un changement d'utilisation prévue, ce sont les changements matériels substantiels qui justifient la documentation du résultat en une nouvelle instance de E18_Chose_matérielle, et non le seul changement de fonction. Celui-ci peut être documenté par une activité (instance de E7_Activité) d'utilisation prolongée. fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the mummification of Tut-Ankh-Amun (E81, E12) [the mummification of the body of the deceased is a human production process and simultaneously preserves structures of the body at and before death] (Carter and Mace 1977) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
the death, carbonization and petrification of some people of Pompeii in 79AD by the intense heat of a pyroclastic cloud and ashes from the Eruption of Mount Vesuvius (E69, E81) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
the transformation of the Hephaisteion temple in Athens, better known as "Theseion", into a Christian church, dedicated to Saint George around AD 700 (E81,E12) [which actually helped preserving part of the antique temple structure from 449BC] en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
La momification de Toutânkhamon (E81_Transformation, E12_Production) [la momification du corps du défunt est un processus de production propre à l'humain qui préserve simultanément les structures du corps au moment du décès et avant celui-ci] (Carter & Mace, 1977) fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
La mort, la carbonisation et la pétrification de certains habitants de Pompéi en 79 EC provoquées par la chaleur intense d'un nuage pyroclastique et par les cendres provenant de l'éruption du mont Vésuve (E69_Mort, E81_Transformation) fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
La transformation du temple Héphaïstéion à Athènes, mieux connu sous le nom de « Théséion », en une église chrétienne dédiée à saint Georges vers 700 EC (E81_Transformation, E12_Production) [ce qui a permis de préserver une partie de la structure du temple antique construit à partir de 449 AEC] fr CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E81

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformation
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c74

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Umwandlung de 2024-03-14 0
Μετατροπή el 2024-03-14 0
Transformation * en 2022-06-13 0
Transformation * fr 2024-03-21 0
Transformação pt 2024-03-14 0
Трансформация ru 2024-03-14 0
转变 zh 2024-03-14 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E63 Beginning of Existence CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0
E64 End of Existence CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E63 - E5 - E4 - E2
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E63 - E5 - E4 - E92
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E64 - E5 - E4 - E2
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E64 - E5 - E4 - E92
E2 Temporal Entity 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E63 - E5 - E4
E2 Temporal Entity 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E64 - E5 - E4
E4 Period 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E63 - E5
E4 Period 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E64 - E5
E5 Event 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E63
E5 Event 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E64
E92 Spacetime Volume 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E63 - E5 - E4
E92 Spacetime Volume 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3 E64 - E5 - E4
Thing 6 OntoME internal model - active version E63 - E5 - E4 - E2 - E1
Thing 6 OntoME internal model - active version E63 - E5 - E4 - E92 - E1
Thing 6 OntoME internal model - active version E64 - E5 - E4 - E2 - E1
Thing 6 OntoME internal model - active version E64 - E5 - E4 - E92 - E1

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E81 Transformation crm:P123 resulted in (resulted from) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation crm:P124 transformed (was transformed by) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E81 Transformation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P4 has time-span (is time-span of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E4 Period ) crm:P7 took place at (witnessed) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E4 Period ) crm:P8 took place on or within (witnessed) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E4 Period ) crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E5 Event ) crm:P11 had participant (participated in) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E5 Event ) crm:P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E63 Beginning of Existence ) crm:P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E64 End of Existence ) crm:P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P10 falls within (contains) E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E81 Transformation (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P161 has spatial projection (is spatial projection of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of) E81 Transformation (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E4 Period crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E81 Transformation (is a E4) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E7 Activity crm:P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) E81 Transformation (is a E5) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E18 Physical Thing crm:P196 defines (is defined by) E81 Transformation (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E81 Transformation (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P10 falls within (contains) E81 Transformation (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E81 Transformation (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E81 Transformation (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E93 Presence crm:P166 was a presence of (had presence) E81 Transformation (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3
E95 Spacetime Primitive crm:P169 defines spacetime volume (spacetime volume is defined by) E81 Transformation (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.3

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
RiskMap ongoing 1 Ongoing 2024-05-22
Silknow working profile 1 Ongoing 2023-10-25

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