Presence – E93

E93 Presence

Scope note:

This class comprises instances of E92 Spacetime Volume, whose temporal extent has been chosen in order to determine the spatial extent of a phenomenon over the chosen time-span. Respective phenomena may, for instance, be historical events or periods, but can also be the diachronic extent and existence of physical things. In other words, instances of this class fix a slice of another instance of E92 Spacetime Volume in time.

The temporal extent of an instance of E93 Presence typically is predetermined by the researcher so as to focus the investigation particularly on finding the spatial extent of the phenomenon by testing for its characteristic features. There are at least two basic directions such investigations might take. The investigation may wish to determine where something was during some time or it may wish to reconstruct the total passage of a phenomenon’s spacetime volume through an examination of discrete presences. Observation and measurement of features indicating the presence or absence of a phenomenon in some space allows for the progressive approximation of spatial extents through argumentation typically based on inclusion, exclusion and various overlaps.

Examples:

the Roman Empire on 19 August AD 14 (Clare and Edwards, 1992)

Johann Joachim Winckelmann’s whereabouts in December 1775 (Leppmann, 1970)

Johann Joachim Winckelmann’s whereabouts from November 19 1755 until April 9 1768 (Leppmann, 1970)

In First Order Logic:

  • E93(x) ⇒ E92(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises instances of E92 Spacetime Volume, whose temporal extent has been chosen in order to determine the spatial extent of a phenomenon over the chosen time-span. Respective phenomena may, for instance, be historical events or periods, but can also be the diachronic extent and existence of physical things. In other words, instances of this class fix a slice of another instance of E92 Spacetime Volume in time. The temporal extent of an instance of E93 Presence typically is predetermined by the researcher so as to focus the investigation particularly on finding the spatial extent of the phenomenon by testing for its characteristic features. There are at least two basic directions such investigations might take. The investigation may wish to determine where something was during some time or it may wish to reconstruct the total passage of a phenomenon’s spacetime volume through an examination of discrete presences. Observation and measurement of features indicating the presence or absence of a phenomenon in some space allows for the progressive approximation of spatial extents through argumentation typically based on inclusion, exclusion and various overlaps. en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the Roman Empire on 19 August AD 14 (Clare and Edwards, 1992) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Johann Joachim Winckelmann’s whereabouts in December 1775 (Leppmann, 1970) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0
Johann Joachim Winckelmann’s whereabouts from November 19 1755 until April 9 1768 (Leppmann, 1970) en CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E93

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E93
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c84

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Presence * en 2022-06-13 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 E92
C5 Region 2 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing E92

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E93 Presence crm:P164 is temporally specified by (temporally specifies) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P166 was a presence of (had presence) E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P167 was within (includes) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P195 was a presence of (had presence) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P197 covered parts of (was partially covered by) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E93 Presence (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P10 falls within (contains) E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence (is a E92 Spacetime Volume) crm:P161 has spatial projection (is spatial projection of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E18 Physical Thing crm:P196 defines (is defined by) E93 Presence (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E93 Presence (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P10 falls within (contains) E93 Presence (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E93 Presence (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E93 Presence (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E93 Presence crm:P166 was a presence of (had presence) E93 Presence (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1
E95 Spacetime Primitive crm:P169 defines spacetime volume (spacetime volume is defined by) E93 Presence (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
Geovistory Basics 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10

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