Encounter Event – S19

S19 Encounter Event

Scope note:

This class comprises activities of S4 Observation (substance) where an E39 Actor encounters an instance of E18 Physical Thing of a kind relevant for the mission of the observation or regarded as potentially relevant for some community (identity). This observation produces knowledge about the existence of the respective thing at a particular place in or on surrounding matter. This knowledge may be new to the group of people the actor belongs to. In that case we would talk about a discovery. The observer may recognize or assign an individual identity of the thing encountered or regard only the type as noteworthy in the associated documentation or report.

In archaeology there is a particular interest if an object is found “in situ”, i.e. if its embedding in the surrounding matter supports the assumption that the object was not moved since the archaeologically relevant deposition event. The surrounding matter with the relative position of the object in it as well as the absolute position and time of the observation may be recorded in order to enable inferences about the history of the object.

In Biology, additional parameters may be recorded like the kind of ecosystem, if the biological individual survives the observation, what detection or catching devices have been used or if the encounter event supported the detection of a new biological kind (“taxon”).

Examples:

  • the finding, by Prof. Stampolidis, of a complete skeleton, in situ, at the site of Eleutherna during the archaeological excavation carried out by the University of Crete in 2007 (S19) (Bonn-Muller, 2010).
  • the detection of lagocephalos_Sceleratus was carried out with the trawler 419 in the Mediteranean sea, during the first week of August 2014 (S19) (Bekiari et al., 2014).
  • the encounter of the marble floor of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum during the digging of a well in 1750 (S19) (Sider, 1990, p. 536).
  • the encounter of oak planks from a ship during a dig in a mound at the farm Lille Oseberg in Norway in 1908 (S19) (Ferguson, 2009, p.10-11).

In First Order Logic:

  • S19(x) ⇒ S4(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises activities of S4 Observation (substance) where an E39 Actor encounters an instance of E18 Physical Thing of a kind relevant for the mission of the observation or regarded as potentially relevant for some community (identity). This observation produces knowledge about the existence of the respective thing at a particular place in or on surrounding matter. This knowledge may be new to the group of people the actor belongs to. In that case we would talk about a discovery. The observer may recognize or assign an individual identity of the thing encountered or regard only the type as noteworthy in the associated documentation or report. In archaeology there is a particular interest if an object is found “in situ”, i.e. if its embedding in the surrounding matter supports the assumption that the object was not moved since the archaeologically relevant deposition event. The surrounding matter with the relative position of the object in it as well as the absolute position and time of the observation may be recorded in order to enable inferences about the history of the object. In Biology, additional parameters may be recorded like the kind of ecosystem, if the biological individual survives the observation, what detection or catching devices have been used or if the encounter event supported the detection of a new biological kind (“taxon”). en CRMsci version 2.0 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the finding, by Prof. Stampolidis, of a complete skeleton, in situ, at the site of Eleutherna during the archaeological excavation carried out by the University of Crete in 2007 (S19) (Bonn-Muller, 2010). the detection of lagocephalos_Sceleratus was carried out with the trawler 419 in the Mediteranean sea, during the first week of August 2014 (S19) (Bekiari et al., 2014). the encounter of the marble floor of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum during the digging of a well in 1750 (S19) (Sider, 1990, p. 536). the encounter of oak planks from a ship during a dig in a mound at the farm Lille Oseberg in Norway in 1908 (S19) (Ferguson, 2009, p.10-11). en CRMsci version 2.0 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: S19

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/CRMsci/S19_Encounter_Event
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c384

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Encounter Event * en 2024-05-24 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CRMsci version 2.0 2022-09-13
CRMsci version 1.2.3 2021-05-07

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
S4 Observation CRMsci version 2.0 CRMsci version 2.0 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 6 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - S15
E1 CRM Entity 7 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - E4 - E2
E1 CRM Entity 7 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - E4 - E92
E2 Temporal Entity 6 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - E4
E4 Period 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5
E5 Event 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7
E7 Activity 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13
E13 Attribute Assignment 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4
E92 Spacetime Volume 6 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - E4
Thing 7 OntoME internal model - active version S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - S15 - E1
Thing 8 OntoME internal model - active version S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - E4 - E2 - E1
Thing 8 OntoME internal model - active version S4 - E13 - E7 - E5 - E4 - E92 - E1
S15 Observable Entity 5 CRMsci version 2.0 S4 - E13 - E7 - E5

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S19 Encounter Event crmsci:O19 encountered object (was object encountered through) E18 Physical Thing CRMsci version 2.0
S19 Encounter Event crmsci:O21 encountered at (witnessed encounter) E53 Place CRMsci version 2.0

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S19 Encounter Event (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P4 has time-span (is time-span of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E2 Temporal Entity ) crm:P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of) E2 Temporal Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E4 Period ) crm:P7 took place at (witnessed) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E4 Period ) crm:P8 took place on or within (witnessed) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E4 Period ) crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) E4 Period CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E5 Event ) crm:P11 had participant (participated in) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E5 Event ) crm:P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E5 Event ) crmsci:O13 triggered (was triggered by) E5 Event CRMsci version 2.0
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P14 carried out by (performed) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P16 used specific object (was used for) E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P19 was intended use of (was made for) E71 Human-Made Thing CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) E5 Event CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P21 had general purpose (was purpose of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P32 used general technique (was technique of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P33 used specific technique (was used by) E29 Design or Procedure CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P125 used object of type (was type of object used in) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E7 Activity ) crm:P134 continued (was continued by) E7 Activity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E13 Attribute Assignment ) crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E13 Attribute Assignment ) crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E13 Attribute Assignment ) crm:P177 assigned property of type (is type of property assigned) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P10 falls within (contains) E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from E92 Spacetime Volume CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of) E52 Time-Span CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a E92 Spacetime Volume ) crm:P161 has spatial projection (is spatial projection of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S19 Encounter Event (is a S4 Observation ) crmsci:O8 observed (was observed by) S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 2.0
S19 Encounter Event (is a S4 Observation ) crmsci:O9 observed property type (property type was observed by) S9 Property Type CRMsci version 2.0
S19 Encounter Event (is a S4 Observation ) crmsci:O16 observed value (value was observed by) E1 CRM Entity CRMsci version 2.0
S19 Encounter Event (is a S15 Observable Entity ) crmsci:O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 2.0

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E2 Temporal Entity crm:P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E2) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E4 Period crm:P9 consists of (forms part of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E4) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E5 Event crmsci:O13 triggered (was triggered by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E5) CRMsci version 2.0
E7 Activity crm:P134 continued (was continued by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E7) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E5) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E18 Physical Thing crm:P196 defines (is defined by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P10 falls within (contains) S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E92 Spacetime Volume crm:P133 is spatiotemporally separated from S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E93 Presence crm:P166 was a presence of (had presence) S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S4 Observation crmsci:O16 observed value (value was observed by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E1) CRMsci version 2.0
S4 Observation crmsci:O8 observed (was observed by) S19 Encounter Event (is a S15) CRMsci version 2.0
S6 Data Evaluation crmsci:O11 described (was described by) S19 Encounter Event (is a S15) CRMsci version 2.0
S21 Measurement crmsci:O24 measured (was measured by) S19 Encounter Event (is a S15) CRMsci version 2.0
S22 Segment of Matter crmsci:O23 is defined by (defines) S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CRMsci version 2.0
E95 Spacetime Primitive crm:P169 defines spacetime volume (spacetime volume is defined by) S19 Encounter Event (is a E92) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S23 Position Determination crmsci:O32 determined position of (was located by) S19 Encounter Event (is a S15) CRMsci version 2.0

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
HisArc-RDF 2 Published 2024-03-13
Archaeological excavations 1 Ongoing 2023-10-25
HisArc-RDF 1 Published 2024-03-13
Artefacts – Characteristics 1 Ongoing 2023-10-25

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