Observable Entity – S15

S15 Observable Entity

Subclass of:

Scope note:

This class comprises instances of E5 Event or S10 Material Substantial (i.e. items or phenomena, such as physical things, their behaviour, states and interactions or events), that can be observed by measurement or detection devices or by human sensory impression including when enhanced by tools. In order to be observable, instances of E5 Event must consist of some interaction or action of material substance. In some cases, the spatiotemporal confinement of the event itself, such as a flash, a car stopping etc. marks the limits of a documented observation of an event. In other cases, such as the situation of a car passing by a certain object, the spatiotemporal limits of the event of observing itself, as well as the direction of attention or the orientation of used instruments, may constrain the observed detail of a larger process, e.g., noticing the sight of a car passing by; a light emission, etc. Conceptual objects manifest through their carriers such as books, digital media, or even human memory. Attributes of conceptual objects, such as number of words, can be observed on their carriers. If the respective properties between carriers differ, either they carry different instances of conceptual objects or the difference can be attributed to accidental deficiencies in one of the carriers. In that sense even immaterial objects are observable. By this model we address the fact that frequently, the actually observed carriers of conceptual objects are not explicitly identified in documentation, i.e., they are assumed to have existed but they are unknown as individuals.

Examples:

  • the domestic goose from Guangdong/1/1996 (H5N1) that was identified in 1996 in farmed geese in southern China as circulating highly pathogenic H5N1 (E20) (Wan, 2012).
  • the flight of a male Bearded Vulture observed near Loukia, Heraklion, Crete in the morning of the 24 th of October 2020 (E5) [The Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus Barbatus) is a threatened species in Crete] (Claes, 2020).
  • the eruption of Krakatoa volcano at Indonesia in 1883 (E5) (Symons et al., 1888).
  • the cupid head area in the X-Ray of the painting ‘Cupid complaining to Venus’ (E25) (The National Gallery, London, 1963).

In First Order Logic:

  • S15(x) ⇒ E1(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises instances of E5 Event or S10 Material Substantial (i.e. items or phenomena, such as physical things, their behaviour, states and interactions or events), that can be observed by measurement or detection devices or by human sensory impression including when enhanced by tools. In order to be observable, instances of E5 Event must consist of some interaction or action of material substance. In some cases, the spatiotemporal confinement of the event itself, such as a flash, a car stopping etc. marks the limits of a documented observation of an event. In other cases, such as the situation of a car passing by a certain object, the spatiotemporal limits of the event of observing itself, as well as the direction of attention or the orientation of used instruments, may constrain the observed detail of a larger process, e.g., noticing the sight of a car passing by; a light emission, etc. Conceptual objects manifest through their carriers such as books, digital media, or even human memory. Attributes of conceptual objects, such as number of words, can be observed on their carriers. If the respective properties between carriers differ, either they carry different instances of conceptual objects or the difference can be attributed to accidental deficiencies in one of the carriers. In that sense even immaterial objects are observable. By this model we address the fact that frequently, the actually observed carriers of conceptual objects are not explicitly identified in documentation, i.e., they are assumed to have existed but they are unknown as individuals. en CRMsci version 2.0 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the domestic goose from Guangdong/1/1996 (H5N1) that was identified in 1996 in farmed geese in southern China as circulating highly pathogenic H5N1 (E20) (Wan, 2012). the flight of a male Bearded Vulture observed near Loukia, Heraklion, Crete in the morning of the 24 th of October 2020 (E5) [The Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus Barbatus) is a threatened species in Crete] (Claes, 2020). the eruption of Krakatoa volcano at Indonesia in 1883 (E5) (Symons et al., 1888). the cupid head area in the X-Ray of the painting ‘Cupid complaining to Venus’ (E25) (The National Gallery, London, 1963). en CRMsci version 2.0 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: S15

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/CRMsci/S15_Observable_Entity
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c380

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Observable Entity * en 2024-04-22 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CRMsci version 2.0 2022-09-13
CRMsci version 1.2.3 2021-05-07

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 CRMsci version 2.0 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
Thing 2 OntoME internal model - active version E1

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E5 Event 1 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E6 Destruction 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E64
E7 Activity 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5
E8 Acquisition 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E9 Move 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E10 Transfer of Custody 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E11 Modification 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E11 Modification 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - S18
E12 Production 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63
E12 Production 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63 - S17
E12 Production 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E11
E12 Production 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - S18 - E11
E12 Production 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - S18 - S17
E13 Attribute Assignment 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E14 Condition Assessment 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E13
E15 Identifier Assignment 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E13
E16 Measurement 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E13
E16 Measurement 6 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E13 - S4 - S21
E17 Type Assignment 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E13
E18 Physical Thing 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10
E19 Physical Object 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18
E20 Biological Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E19
E21 Person 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E19 - E20
E22 Human-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E19
E22 Human-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E24
E22 Man-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E19
E22 Man-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E24
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18
E25 Human-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E24
E25 Human-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E26
E25 Man-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E24
E25 Man-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E26
E26 Physical Feature 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18
E27 Site 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E26
E27 Site 5 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E26 - S20
E63 Beginning of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5
E64 End of Existence 2 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5
E65 Creation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63
E65 Creation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E66 Formation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63
E66 Formation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E67 Birth 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63
E68 Dissolution 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E64
E69 Death 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E64
E78 Collection 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E24
E78 Curated Holding 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 S10 - E18 - E24
E79 Part Addition 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E11
E79 Part Addition 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - S18 - E11
E80 Part Removal 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E11
E80 Part Removal 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - S1
E80 Part Removal 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - S18 - E11
E81 Transformation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63
E81 Transformation 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E64
E83 Type Creation 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E63 - E65
E83 Type Creation 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E65
E85 Joining 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E86 Leaving 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
E87 Curation Activity 3 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7
S1 Matter Removal 3 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7
S2 Sample Taking 4 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - S1
S3 Measurement by Sampling 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - S1 - S2
S3 Measurement by Sampling 6 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S4 - S21
S4 Observation 4 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13
S5 Inference Making 4 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13
S6 Data Evaluation 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S5
S7 Simulation or Prediction 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S5
S8 Categorical Hypothesis Building 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S5
S10 Material Substantial 1 CRMsci version 2.0
S11 Amount of Matter 2 CRMsci version 2.0 S10
S12 Amount of Fluid 3 CRMsci version 2.0 S10 - S11
S12 Amount of Fluid 3 CRMsci version 2.0 S10 - S14
S13 Sample 3 CRMsci version 2.0 S10 - S11
S14 Fluid Body 2 CRMsci version 2.0 S10
S17 Physical Genesis 3 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E63
S17 Physical Genesis 3 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - S18
S18 Alteration 2 CRMsci version 2.0 E5
S19 Encounter Event 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S4
S20 Physical Feature 4 CRMsci version 2.0 S10 - E18 - E26
S20 Rigid Physical Feature 4 CRMsci version 2.0 S10 - E18 - E26
S21 Measurement 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S4
S22 Segment of Matter 5 CRMsci version 2.0 S10 - E18 - E26 - S20
E96 Purchase 4 CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 E5 - E7 - E8
S23 Position Determination 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - E13 - S4
S24 Sample Splitting 5 CRMsci version 2.0 E5 - E7 - S1 - S2

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S15 Observable Entity crmsci:O12 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CRMsci version 2.0

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S15 Observable Entity (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S15 Observable Entity (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S15 Observable Entity (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S15 Observable Entity (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S15 Observable Entity (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
S4 Observation crmsci:O8 observed (was observed by) S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 2.0
S6 Data Evaluation crmsci:O11 described (was described by) S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 2.0
S21 Measurement crmsci:O24 measured (was measured by) S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 2.0
S23 Position Determination crmsci:O32 determined position of (was located by) S15 Observable Entity CRMsci version 2.0

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2
S4 Observation crmsci:O16 observed value (value was observed by) S15 Observable Entity (is a E1) CRMsci version 2.0

Profiles using this class

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