Physical Feature – E26

E26 Physical Feature

Scope note:

This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects.

Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not.

Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colours, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature.

This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”.

Examples:

the temple in Abu Simbel before its removal, which was carved out of solid rock

Albrecht Duerer's signature on his painting of Charles the Great

the damage to the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza

Michael Jackson’s nose prior to plastic surgery

In First Order Logic:

  • E26(x) ⇒ E18(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises identifiable features that are physically attached in an integral way to particular physical objects. Instances of E26 Physical Feature share many of the attributes of instances of E19 Physical Object. They may have a one-, two- or three-dimensional geometric extent, but there are no natural borders that separate them completely in an objective way from the carrier objects. For example, a doorway is a feature but the door itself, being attached by hinges, is not. Instances of E26 Physical Feature can be features in a narrower sense, such as scratches, holes, reliefs, surface colours, reflection zones in an opal crystal or a density change in a piece of wood. In the wider sense, they are portions of particular objects with partially imaginary borders, such as the core of the Earth, an area of property on the surface of the Earth, a landscape or the head of a contiguous marble statue. They can be measured and dated, and it is sometimes possible to state who or what is or was responsible for them. They cannot be separated from the carrier object, but a segment of the carrier object may be identified (or sometimes removed) carrying the complete feature. This definition coincides with the definition of "fiat objects" (Smith & Varzi, 2000, pp.401-420), with the exception of aggregates of “bona fide objects”. en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the temple in Abu Simbel before its removal, which was carved out of solid rock en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Albrecht Duerer's signature on his painting of Charles the Great en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
the damage to the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Michael Jackson’s nose prior to plastic surgery en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E26

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E26
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c25

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Materielles Merkmal de 2022-09-30 0
Υλικό Μόρφωμα el 2022-09-30 0
Physical Feature en 2022-06-13 0
Caractéristique matérielle fr 2022-09-30 0
Característica Material pt 2022-09-30 0
Физический Признак ru 2022-09-30 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.1 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E1 CRM Entity 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E18 - E72 - E70 - E77
E70 Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E18 - E72
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E18
E77 Persistent Item 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E18 - E72 - E70

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E25 Human-Made Feature 1 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E25 Man-Made Feature 1 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E27 Site 1 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
F53 Material Copy 2 FRBRoo version 2.4 E25
C13 Geographical Place 1 SDHSS Semantic Data for Humanities and Social Sciences CIDOC CRM Extension ongoing
D35 Area 1 CRMdig version 3.2

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E1 CRM Entity) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P44 has condition (is condition of) E3 Condition State CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P45 consists of (is incorporated in) E57 Material CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P46 is composed of (forms part of) E18 Physical Thing CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P52 has current owner (is current owner of) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P58 has section definition (defines section) E46 Section Definition CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E18 Physical Thing) crm:P59 has section (is located on or within) E53 Place CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) crm:P43 has dimension (is dimension of) E54 Dimension CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) crm:P101 had as general use (was use of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E70 Thing) crm:P130 shows features of (features are also found on) E70 Thing CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E72 Legal Object) crm:P104 is subject to (applies to) E30 Right CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E26 Physical Feature (is a E72 Legal Object) crm:P105 right held by (has right on) E39 Actor CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E19 Physical Object crm:P56 bears feature (is found on) E26 Physical Feature CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E5 Event crm:P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E26 Physical Feature (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E6 Destruction crm:P13 destroyed (was destroyed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E7 Activity crm:P16 used specific object (was used for) E26 Physical Feature (is a E70) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E8 Acquisition crm:P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E10 Transfer of Custody crm:P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E14 Condition Assessment crm:P34 concerned (was assessed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E16 Measurement crm:P39 measured (was measured by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E18 Physical Thing crm:P46 is composed of (forms part of) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E63 Beginning of Existence crm:P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E64 End of Existence crm:P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E70 Thing crm:P130 shows features of (features are also found on) E26 Physical Feature (is a E70) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E79 Part Addition crm:P111 added (was added by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E80 Part Removal crm:P113 removed (was removed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E18) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E81 Transformation crm:P123 resulted in (resulted from) E26 Physical Feature (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E81 Transformation crm:P124 transformed (was transformed by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E77) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E26 Physical Feature (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated
Silknow generic 1 Ongoing 2021-06-15
Silknow working profile 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10
Nouveau profile pour le projetXXXh - xxxxxx 1 Ongoing 2021-06-10

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