Persistent Item – E77

E77 Persistent Item

Subclass of:

Scope note:

This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy.

They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names.

The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge.

The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties.

Examples:

the Bermuda Triangle

Leonard da Vinci

Stonehenge

the hole in the ozone layer

the First Law of Thermodynamics

In First Order Logic:

  • E77(x) ⇒ E1(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments
This class comprises items that have a persistent identity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. They can be repeatedly recognized within the duration of their existence by identity criteria rather than by continuity or observation. Persistent Items can be either physical entities, such as people, animals or things, or conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or common names.The criteria that determine the identity of an item are often difficult to establish -; the decision depends largely on the judgement of the observer. For example, a building is regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. The class E77 Persistent Item does not take any position about the nature of the applicable identity criteria and if actual knowledge about identity of an instance of this class exists. There may be cases, where the identity of an E77 Persistent Item is not decidable by a certain state of knowledge.The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties. en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments
the Bermuda Triangle en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Leonard da Vinci en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
Stonehenge en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
the hole in the ozone layer en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0
the First Law of Thermodynamics en CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments

Identifier: E77

Official URI: http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Item
OntoME URI: https://ontome.net/ontology/c70

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments
Seiendes de 2024-05-18 0
Ον el 2024-05-18 0
Persistent Item en 2022-06-13 0
Entité persistante fr 2024-05-18 0
Entidade Persistente pt 2024-05-18 0
Постоянная Сущность ru 2024-05-18 0

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
CIDOC CRM version 7.1.2 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 2022-06-13
CIDOC CRM version 6.2 2021-06-10

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments
E1 CRM Entity CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 0

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
Thing 2 OntoME internal model - active version E1

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
E18 Physical Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72
E19 Physical Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18
E20 Biological Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E19
E21 Person 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E39
E21 Person 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E19 - E20
E22 Human-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24
E22 Human-Made Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E19
E22 Human-Made Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24
E22 Man-Made Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24
E22 Man-Made Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E19
E22 Man-Made Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71
E24 Physical Human-Made Thing 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18
E25 Human-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24
E25 Human-Made Feature 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24
E25 Human-Made Feature 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E26
E25 Man-Made Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24
E25 Man-Made Feature 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24
E25 Man-Made Feature 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E26
E26 Physical Feature 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18
E27 Site 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E26
E28 Conceptual Object 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71
E29 Design or Procedure 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73
E29 Design or Procedure 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73
E29 Design or Procedure 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73
E30 Right 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89
E31 Document 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73
E31 Document 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73
E31 Document 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73
E32 Authority Document 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73 - E31
E32 Authority Document 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73 - E31
E32 Authority Document 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73 - E31
E33 Linguistic Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73
E33 Linguistic Object 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73
E33 Linguistic Object 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73
E34 Inscription 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73 - E33
E34 Inscription 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73 - E33
E34 Inscription 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73 - E33
E34 Inscription 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73 - E36 - E37
E34 Inscription 8 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73 - E36 - E37
E34 Inscription 8 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73 - E36 - E37
E35 Title 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E35 Title 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E35 Title 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73 - E33
E35 Title 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73 - E33
E35 Title 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73 - E33
E36 Visual Item 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73
E36 Visual Item 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73
E36 Visual Item 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73
E37 Mark 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73 - E36
E37 Mark 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73 - E36
E37 Mark 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73 - E36
E38 Image 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E73 - E36
E38 Image 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89 - E73 - E36
E38 Image 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E73 - E36
E39 Actor 1 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E40 Legal Body 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E39 - E74
E41 Appellation 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90
E41 Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90
E42 Identifier 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E42 Identifier 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E44 Place Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E44 Place Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E45 Address 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41 - E44
E45 Address 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41 - E51
E45 Address 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41 - E44
E45 Address 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41 - E51
E46 Section Definition 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41 - E44
E46 Section Definition 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41 - E44
E47 Spatial Coordinates 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41 - E44
E47 Spatial Coordinates 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41 - E44
E48 Place Name 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41 - E44
E48 Place Name 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41 - E44
E49 Time Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E49 Time Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E50 Date 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41 - E49
E50 Date 7 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41 - E49
E51 Contact Point 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E51 Contact Point 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E55 Type 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28
E56 Language 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E55
E57 Material 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E55
E58 Measurement Unit 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E55
E70 Thing 1 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E71 Human-Made Thing 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70
E71 Man-Made Thing 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70
E72 Legal Object 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70
E73 Information Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90
E73 Information Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E89
E73 Information Object 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90
E74 Group 2 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E39
E75 Conceptual Object Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E75 Conceptual Object Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E78 Collection 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24
E78 Collection 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24
E78 Curated Holding 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24
E78 Curated Holding 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24
E82 Actor Appellation 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E90 - E41
E82 Actor Appellation 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28 - E90 - E41
E84 Information Carrier 5 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E24 - E22
E84 Information Carrier 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E19 - E22
E84 Information Carrier 6 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72 - E18 - E24 - E22
E89 Propositional Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28
E90 Symbolic Object 3 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E72
E90 Symbolic Object 4 CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4 E70 - E71 - E28

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P1 is identified by (identifies) E41 Appellation CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P2 has type (is type of) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P3 has note E62 String CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of) E42 Identifier CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E77 Persistent Item (is a E1 CRM Entity ) crm:P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) E55 Type CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E5 Event crm:P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E63 Beginning of Existence crm:P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E64 End of Existence crm:P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E81 Transformation crm:P123 resulted in (resulted from) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E81 Transformation crm:P124 transformed (was transformed by) E77 Persistent Item CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace
E7 Activity crm:P15 was influenced by (influenced) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E7 Activity crm:P17 was motivated by (motivated) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E13 Attribute Assignment crm:P141 assigned (was assigned by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E16 Measurement crm:P39 measured (was measured by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E17 Type Assignment crm:P41 classified (was classified by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing crm:P62 depicts (is depicted by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E31 Document crm:P70 documents (is documented in) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E32 Authority Document crm:P71 lists (is listed in) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E36 Visual Item crm:P138 represents (has representation) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E83 Type Creation crm:P136 was based on (supported type creation) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E89 Propositional Object crm:P129 is about (is subject of) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4
E89 Propositional Object crm:P67 refers to (is referred to by) E77 Persistent Item (is a E1) CIDOC CRM version 5.0.4

Profiles using this class

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