A1_Endurant

This class does not yet have the minimum number of validated parts required for publication.

A1_Endurant

Scope note:

rdfs:comment "\"MASOLO C et al. (2003), The WonderWeb library of foundational ontologies and the DOLCE ontology. WonderWeb (EU IST project 2001-33052) deliverable D18, rapp. tech., LOAISTC-CNR. p. 11
“Classically,endurants(also called continuants) are characterized as entities that are ‘intime’, they are ‘wholly’ present (all their proper parts arepresent) at any time of their ex-istence. On the other hand,perdurants(also called occurrents) are entities that ‘happen in time’, they extend in time by accumulating different ‘temporal parts’, so that, at any timetat which they exist, only their temporal parts attare present.12For example, the bookyou are holding now can be considered an endurant because (now) it is wholly present,while “your reading of this book” is a perdurant because, your “reading” of the previoussection is not present now. Note that it is possible to distinguish between ‘ordinary ob-jects’ (like the book) and ‘events or process’ (like ‘the reading of the book’) even whenthe domain contains perdurants only. In this latter case, one relies on properties that lieoutside spatio-temporal aspects. Indeed, one can assume that four-dimensional entities donot need to have different spatio-temporal locations. A person and its life (both taken tobe 4D entities) share the same space-time region but differ on other properties since, forinstance, color, race, beliefs and the like make sense for person only.Endurants and perdurants can be characterized in a different way. Something is anendurant if (i) it exists at more than one moment and (ii) its parts can be determinedonly relatively to something else (for instance time)[49].In other words, the distinctionis based on the different nature of the parthood relation: endurants need a time-indexedparthood, while perdurants do not. Indeed, a statement like“this keyboard is part of mycomputer” is incomplete unless you specify a particular time, while “my youth is part of my life” does not require such a specification.13"

Examples:

No example yet.

In First Order Logic:

  • A1_Endurant(x) ⊃ A0_Any_Artefact_Entity(x)

Scope notes

Show Scope note Language Namespace View details Comments Validation
rdfs:comment "\"MASOLO C et al. (2003), The WonderWeb library of foundational ontologies and the DOLCE ontology. WonderWeb (EU IST project 2001-33052) deliverable D18, rapp. tech., LOAISTC-CNR. p. 11“Classically,endurants(also called continuants) are characterized as entities that are ‘intime’, they are ‘wholly’ present (all their proper parts arepresent) at any time of their ex-istence. On the other hand,perdurants(also called occurrents) are entities that ‘happen in time’, they extend in time by accumulating different ‘temporal parts’, so that, at any timetat which they exist, only their temporal parts attare present.12For example, the bookyou are holding now can be considered an endurant because (now) it is wholly present,while “your reading of this book” is a perdurant because, your “reading” of the previoussection is not present now. Note that it is possible to distinguish between ‘ordinary ob-jects’ (like the book) and ‘events or process’ (like ‘the reading of the book’) even whenthe domain contains perdurants only. In this latter case, one relies on properties that lieoutside spatio-temporal aspects. Indeed, one can assume that four-dimensional entities donot need to have different spatio-temporal locations. A person and its life (both taken tobe 4D entities) share the same space-time region but differ on other properties since, forinstance, color, race, beliefs and the like make sense for person only.Endurants and perdurants can be characterized in a different way. Something is anendurant if (i) it exists at more than one moment and (ii) its parts can be determinedonly relatively to something else (for instance time)[49].In other words, the distinctionis based on the different nature of the parthood relation: endurants need a time-indexedparthood, while perdurants do not. Indeed, a statement like“this keyboard is part of mycomputer” is incomplete unless you specify a particular time, while “my youth is part of my life” does not require such a specification.13" en ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing 0 Candidate

Examples

Show Example Language Namespace View details Comments Validation

Additional notes

Show Notes Type Language Namespace View details Comments Validation

Identifier : A1_Endurant

Labels

Label Language Last updated View details Comments Validation
A1_Endurant * fr 2021-06-10 0 Candidate

* : Standard label for this language

Namespace

Namespace Last updated
ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing 2021-04-01

Parent classes

Class Class namespace Relation defined in Justification View details Edit Delete Comments Validation
A0_Any_Artefact_Entity ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing 0 Candidate

Ancestor classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via

Child and descendant classes

Class Depth Class namespace Via
A11_Set-Endurant 1 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing
A12_Actor 1 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing
A13_Artefact 1 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing
A14_Knowledge 1 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing
A121_Social_Entity 2 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A12_Actor
A1211_Group 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A12_Actor - A121_Social_Entity
A1212_Character 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A12_Actor - A121_Social_Entity
A122_Individual 2 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A12_Actor
A1221_Human_being 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A12_Actor - A122_Individual
A1222_Animal 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A12_Actor - A122_Individual
A131_Machine 2 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A13_Artefact
A1311_Simple_Machine-Tool 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A13_Artefact - A131_Machine
A1312_Mechanism 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A13_Artefact - A131_Machine
A132_Source 2 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A13_Artefact
A141_Declarative_Knowledge 2 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A14_Knowledge
A1411_Procedural_Knowledge 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A14_Knowledge - A141_Declarative_Knowledge
A1412_Factual_Knowledge 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A14_Knowledge - A141_Declarative_Knowledge
A1413_Conceptual_Knowledge 3 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A14_Knowledge - A141_Declarative_Knowledge
A142_Embodied_knowledge 2 ANY-ARTEFACT-V.1 ongoing A14_Knowledge

Related classes

Relation Class Class namespace Justification Relation defined in View details Edit Delete Comments Validation

Outgoing properties (this class is domain)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Outgoing properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (this class is range)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Incoming properties (inherited from ancestors)

Domain Property identifier Range Namespace

Profiles using this class

Label Version Status Last updated

Linked classes graph

Use mouse wheel to zoom in/out.

Comments